friedrich scharnhorst

Your Scrapbook is currently empty. In the first decade of Napoleon’s rise, the question about the origins of French lethality preoccupied military writers. Please note: You are asking volunteers to find and take a photo of the headstone. Family inheritance and improvement in social status allowed Scharnhorst’s parents to dream big for their son, though. Just like Clausewitz later, Scharnhorst wished more than anything to assume command. [14] Trevor N. Dupuy, A Genius For War: The German Army And General Staff, 1807–1945 (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1977), 24. Your new password must contain one or more uppercase and lowercase letters, and one or more numbers or special characters. Verify and try again. [26], The relationship that existed between Gerhard von Scharnhorst and Carl von Clausewitz should be viewed as the ideal for military mentorship. His new commander was another extraordinary man, Emmerich von Estorff. Instead, he wanted to instill in his students the ability to think critically and analytically. When the French Revolution shook Europe in 1789 and the subsequent First Revolutionary War (1792-1795) thrust the continent into twenty-three years of bloodshed, Scharnhorst had the fame of a great expert. We have set your language to How uncertain and fearful they are in undertaking something the circumstances require, but they have never encountered in the span of their life. [1] For a more in-depth examination on “the man who made Patton and Eisenhower,” see Major Edward Cox’s “Grey Eminence: Fox Conner and the Art of Mentorship,” The Institute of Land Warfare, Association of the United States Army (AUSA), No. Remove advertising from a memorial by sponsoring it for just $5. [15] Without a doubt, the greatest influence that Scharnhorst would have on Carl von Clausewitz was imbuing him with the critical importance of military history with respect to the study of war, that in the event of a lack of experience, academic and historical knowledge is “the most complete intellectual representation of reality.”[16]. However, infection subsequently developed, and, on June 28 in Prague, he unexpectedly died. Please check your email and click on the link to activate your account. Even after Clausewitz chose to resign from Prussian service so he would not have to fight for Napoleon in his 1812 invasion of Russia, he was still able to aid Scharnhorst’s efforts. [1] The foundation of mentorship within any military rests upon the transfer of intellect, experience, and trust. Prussia was still in the midst of its decade of neutrality, when after the Peace of Basel in 1795 it observed from a safer distance the continuing Revolutionary Wars and the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte. Found more than one record for entered Email, You need to confirm this account before you can sign in. Two of the greatest military leaders in American history—General George S. Patton and General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower—were both indebted for much of their intellectual and professional development to Major General Fox Conner, who served as the Allied Expeditionary Force’s Operations Officer for General John J. Pershing during World War I. He constantly pressed for better education for both commissioned and non-commissioned officers, “promotion to the rank of lieutenant by examination…the institutionalization of a permanent general staff…[and] realistic and intensified training.”[6] The military profession, in the eyes of Scharnhorst, was much more than a simple craft, technique, or job. Are you sure that you want to report this flower to administrators as offensive or abusive? 1 (2018): 33-44. The sponsor of a memorial may add an additional, No animated GIFs, photos with additional graphics (borders, embellishments. For memorials with more than one photo, additional photos will appear here or on the photos tab. In early 1813, with Napoleon’s return to Central Europe and the Tsar’s troops in hot pursuit, Prussia faced a perilous choice. With an increase in salary and higher visibility within the officer class, Clausewitz owed much of his beginnings as a career officer to Scharnhorst’s continued dedication and mentorship. Estorff displayed a different approach than Count Willem, for he believed war’s ravages should be kept as far as possible from the homeland. Berlin’s cultural and military elite did not welcome him warmly. Oops, some error occurred while uploading your photo(s). To add a flower, click the “Leave a Flower” button. During the campaign he served as a Russian liaison officer to Prussian Field Marshal Gebhard von Blücher’s headquarters. On the contrary, a badly prepared one—especially a badly prepared staff officer—was an insecure actor relying on his limited experience alone. In 1783, when a new artillery school was established in Hanover, Scharnhorst was appointed an instructor there. In 1808, Prince August became the head of the Prussian artillery and together with Scharnhorst worked on reorganizing and modernizing the branch. He considered it as an unbelievably complicated intellectual skill that necessitated constant study, training, and development from its practitioners.[7]. [17] In his final performance assessment of the young Prussian lieutenant, Scharnhorst characterized Clausewitz’s performance at the Berlin Institute with “an unusually good analysis of the whole and by a modest and aggregable style of presentation… [with] a thorough knowledge of mathematics and military science.” (Paret, Clausewitz and the State, 76.). Previously sponsored memorials or famous memorials will not have this option. The rigid and obedience-driven Prussian army of Frederick the Great was no longer a match for Napoleon’s Grand Armeé, with its tactical, organizational, and administrative innovations brought about by the French Revolution. Thank you for fulfilling this photo request. Even in this moment of professional triumph, Scharnhorst had to swallow a bitter pill. Try again later. In his first year, Lieutenant Clausewitz almost failed the course, for his formal education was rather spotty as he had left school before the age of twelve to participate as a boy-soldier in the First Revolutionary War. [11] Yet, before the disaster of 1806 shook Prussia out of its lull, few men of authority were eager to listen to and implement Scharnhorst’s reforms. Please complete the captcha to let us know you are a real person. He would go on to serve exceptionally as a Chief of Staff for a Russian army corps during the Leipzig Campaign shortly after Scharnhorst’s death, and contributed to the eventual Anglo-Prussian victory over Napoleon in 1815. Scharnhorst lacked pedigree, and with his massive head and sturdy body looked nothing like the dashing aristocratic officers who still dominated the Prussian Army. The King of Prussia at the time, Friedrich Wilhelm III, requested examples of writing from the best students in Scharnhorst’s Berlin Institute. Photos larger than 8Mb will be reduced. Distilling seemingly timeless principles of war and claiming that they constituted the secret of the Corsican’s astounding victories, Dietrich Heinrich von Bülow, Mathieu Dumas, and Antoine-Henri Jomini became best-selling authors. They were designed to displace 35,540 t (34,980 long tons), which would have given the ships a draft of 9.1 m (29 ft 10 in). Charles Edward White. Have a response or an idea for your own article? Please contact Find a Grave at if you need help resetting your password. GREAT NEWS! “General Gerhard von Scharnhorst: Mentor of Clausewitz and Father of the Prussian-German General Staff.” Canadian Defense Forces Publication. Almost nothing of his extensive literary estate is … It either had to openly switch sides, fight France with everything it had and utterly defeat Napoleon, or face national disintegration. [19] Clausewitz to Marie, Jan. 28, 1807, Karl Schwartz, Leben des Generals Carl von Clausewitz und der Frau Marie von Clausewitz (Berlin: Dümmlers, 1878), 1:38. [12] The central focus of this intellectual augmentation was the use of historical study. The only book-length study of Scharnhorst’s legacy in English, Charles Edward White’s The Enlightened Soldier: Scharnhorst and the Militärische Gesellschaft in Berlin, 1801-1805, offers sizable extracts out of his writings. GREAT NEWS! Make sure that the file is a photo. [3] Next to White’s The Enlightened Soldier: Scharnhorst and the Militarische Gesellschaft in Berlin, 1801-1805, in English you can read more on Scharnhorst’s life in Michael Schoy, “General Gerhard von Scharnhorst: Mentor of Clausewitz and Father of the Prussian-German General Staff,” Canadian Defense Forces Publication. [13] Paret, Clausewitz and the State, 70. Throughout the invasion, Clausewitz “played a key role in the effective coordination of the Prussian and Russian armies” and served effectively as a personal assistant of Scharnhorst once again. By a streak of good luck, Carl von Clausewitz belonged to Scharnhorst’s first class at the Kriegsakademie.

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