Additionally, analysis on European fascism, totalitarianism, and authoritarianism as well would have helped contextualizing the Spanish events with Europe as a whole. Perhaps more on bystanders, resisters, and upstanders could have been included; surely there were more than the book suggested? UNESCO World Heritage Sites I’ve visited here. But sure, let’s give kids the day off from school, and hold automobile and mattress sales, erect countless monuments, and name our capital after him, as well as numerous cities and prestigious schools, as we celebrate the genocide of an aboriginal people at the hands of white Europeans. Numerous primary sources are used throughout the text, many unpublished. There had been plenty of “genocides” going on at approximately the same time in various place around the world. However, as you mentioned the Incas also conquered other indigenous groups, so this was nothing new and certainly does not make them 100% innocent. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Email this story! Please continue to respect all commenters and create constructive debates. Just fill in your details. Four hundred Spanish ransacked the Aztec capital and pillaged gold “like monkeys taking fruit”. Perhaps it’s not commonly referred to like that by locals? Due to the sheer scale of this comment community, we are not able to give each post the same level of attention, but we have preserved this area in the interests of open debate. Preston refers specifically to numerous rapes, yet the word rape is not found in the index. The truly horrific acts of mans destruction of man were not accidental but acts of barbarism. The tributes to a foreign god and a foreign monarch were meant as a symbol of power and an eraser of all that came before. Millions upon millions of people died and the world changed. This kind of thing has gone on for centuries and it’s happened to people who have done exactly the same thing before. Disease decimated the city. Unlike the Spanish, of course, Rome chose to keep most of the conquered peoples alive. They willingly traded everything they owned…. The system Cortez designed was not made to exploit the native population the Spaniards lust for gold coupled with their racist attitudes meant that that is what happened. If you look at a map of Spanish exploration routes in America it can be seen how once-strong Indian cultures were weakened or died out where the Spanish had passed through. 76. It’s the plaza that has the Santo Domingo church on it. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. capital, they were greeted warmly by the emperor Montezuma who gave them lavish gifts as he thought Cortez was a god that had returned to the human world. The enemies of the state were classified and symbolized as a threat; the rural proletariat were depicted as subhuman, and in some cases, denied their Spanish identity. Many of the heroic stories of our national heritage were created out of whole cloth, often by imaginative scribes with no direct knowledge of the person or proceedings, and usually miles and decades removed from actual events or persons. For those unfamiliar with the period, Sebastian Balfour’s Deadly Embrace: Morocco and the Road to the Spanish Civil War (3) is a good starting point before approaching Preston’s opus. While gold and other wealth are seen as the only reason for the inhuman treatment of native America, another part of the Spanish conquest paid a part in the genocide. Columbus’ expedition was a purely commercial effort, not some humanitarian enterprise for the expansion of knowledge. Independent Premium Comments can be posted by members of our membership scheme, Independent Premium. (2) Why did Preston then make the decision to use the word? Preston has argued that he does not need to defend the use of holocaust, and has explained that he viewed it [holocaust] as having had myriad historical constructs; consequently, in the aforementioned 2012 speaking engagement he himself explained that his purposeful use of the word holocaust was meant to shock. Evacuations of citizens as well as media condemnation of the atrocities did occur, and certainly, the world media covered what was happening to the populace. To renew the labor force slaves were brought to the islands of the Caribbean from Africa. However, although the text implies that the goal of the perpetrators was to exterminate the entire left – of which the targets included various groups, from feminists to vegetarians (p. 37) to ‘Socialists, trade unionists, Republican officials and schoolteachers’ (p. 204) – this is not borne out by the time the book reaches its conclusion.
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